Independence Day: Five places associated with Indian freedom struggle
| Last Updated: March 11, 2015
As India celebrates its 66th year of independence, we list five iconic places associated with the Indian freedom struggle.
Red Fort comes high on the list of monuments associated with the Independence struggle. From the First War of Independence to India’s freedom from the British, the Mughal citadel continues to be representative of India. No wonder then that people like Pakistan’s Hafiz Syed still call for strikes on the Red Fort.
It was one of the epicentres of mutineers during the Revolt of 1857. The fort and its famous inmate had to pay a heavy price when the East India Company regained control. Red Fort continues to the most potent symbol of India and hosts the Prime Minister’s address to the nation on August 15 each year.
To read more about Red Fort, click here…
Read more about Delhi and places to visit, here…
The Cellular Jail in Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a solemn reminder of the price we had to pay for freedom. One of the murkiest chapters in the history of the colonial rule, Cellular Jail stood mute witness to the tortures meted out to the freedom fighters incarcerated in the jail.
A visit to the jail would send a chill down your spine. On display are Visitors the various means used to torture inmates and the hardships they had to endure.
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British Prime Minister David Cameron might have expressed shame and regret over the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre and Winston Churchill might have termed it “a monstrous event”; however, apologies and regrets can’t wash away the blood of thousands who were killed on Baisakhi day in 1919.
Statistics should help better understand. According to British official figures, 379 people were killed and approximately 1,100 wounded. Indian National Congress put the figure at approximately 1,000 dead and over 1,500 injured.
Approximately 1,650 rounds were fired. Some of the bullet marks are still visible, as is the well into which hundreds the desperately leapt to avoid the bullets.
Like Cellular Jail, the Jallianwala Bagh is a somber reminder of the price the patriots paid during the freedom struggle.
Read more about Jallianwala Bagh, here…
Click here to know more about Amritsar and here to watch video of the Golden Temple
Mahatma Gandhi’s laboratory for experiments in satyagraha, civil disobedience, swadeshi and building a caste-less egalitarian society. Standing on the banks of river Sabarmati, the ashram was Gandhiji’s headquarters during the independence movement.
It was from here that Gandhiji set out on his famous Salt March on March 12, 1930 to challenge the might of the British Empire. However, the Mahatma spent just 12 years at the Ashram.
Gandhiji’s spartan living quarters are preserved just as the way it used to be during his lifetime.
To read more about Sabarmati Ashram, click here…
Read about Ahmedabad and places to visit here…
August Kranti Maidan
Earlier known as the Gowalia Tank Maidan, it is from this ground in Mumbai that Mahatma Gandhi issued the call for British to Quit India. Gandhiji’s exhortation for a “Do or Die” battle left more than 60,000 in jails.
The movement, which coincided with the Second World War, made it clear to the British that India couldn’t be governed in the long run.
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Click here to read more about Mubai and places to visit
First Published: August 14, 2013