Renowned for its mythological significance and shrines, Dwarka is closely associated with Lord Krishna and was his capital. Located in Saurashtra peninsula of Gujarat, Dwarka is part of the Char Dham pilgrimage and also one of the seven ancient cities (Sapta Puris).
Dwarka, also known as Dwaravati, is derived from the words ‘dwara’, meaning door and ‘ka’ refers to ‘Brahma’. Hence, Dwarka means the gateway to Brahma or Moksha.
After leaving Mathura, Lord Krishna established his kingdom at Dwarka on the banks of Gomti River. Vishwakarma, the celestial architecture, built the city at the request of Lord Krishna. As per legend, after the death of Lord Krishna, the city of Dwarka submerged under the sea. It is said that the city was rebuilt six times and the present city is the seventh one to be built.
Excavation worked carried by the Archeological Survey of India has revealed the existence of a two millennia old city. Excavation work carried between 1983 and 1990 have revealed that a township was built in six sectors. A fortified wall, extending more than half a mile has also been unearthed.
The present day Dwarka is a prominent pilgrimage and boasts of several shrines. Among the temples, the 2000-year-old Dwarkadheesh temple is the most notable one. According to legend,
Mirabai, Lord Krishna’s devotee, merged herself with Lord Krishna in the temple.
Besides its temples, the city is also popular for its beaches. Scuba diving to see the underwater remains of Dwarka is a prominent activity at Dwarka.
Dwarka is also a shoppers’ delight. Patola silk sarees, Bandhni fabrics, embroidered handicraft items, embellished footwear and local souvenirs are worth a buy.