Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
Home to the Hoolock gibbons, the only species of gibbons found in India, Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Jorhat district of Assam. Spread over 20.98 km, the sanctuary has a semi-evergreen forest and evergreen patches with tea gardens and human settlements.
Started in 1881, the sanctuary was officially constituted in 1997. Earlier the sanctuary was named after Hollong, a species of trees found in the reserve. It was renamed in 1997 as Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary.
It is the only sanctuary in India which is named after gibbons which are found in high numbers in the sanctuary. On May 25, 2004, the Assam government again renamed the sanctuary as Hollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary.
Besides the hoolock gibbon, the sanctuary also houses Bengal slow loris, the only nocturnal primate found in the northeast region of India. One can also see elephant, leopard, tiger, pangolin, Assamese macaque, pig-tailed macaque, rhesus macaque, stump tailed macaque, capped langurs in the sanctuary.
The sanctuary is also ideal spot for bird watching. Several resident and migratory birds such as Indian Pied Horn Bill, Osprey, Hill Myna, Kalij pheasant, etc. are found in the reserve. Several species of reptiles like Indian Python, common monitor lizard, Indian tent turtle, Indian cobra, are also found in the sanctuary.
The sanctuary is surrounded by the Dissoi Valley Reserve Forest, Dissoi Reserve Forest and Tiru Hill Reserve Forest. Between the sanctuary and the forests, you can find three extensive tea gardens. It also creates a geographical barrier for animals from migrating to the sanctuary.