Khusro Bagh is a beautiful garden with historical importance built around the tomb of Khusro, the eldest son of Emperor Jahangir. Located on the GT Road near Allahabad railway station in Uttar Pradesh, Khusro Bagh is a heritage monument and a must visit during a trip to the temple city.
Khusro, who had rebelled against his father Jehangir and was incarcerated at Khusro Bagh is believed to have been murdered at the instructions of Shah Jahan. Khusro was imprisoned after his revolt failed. A failed attempt to flee from captivity led to him being blinded on Jahangir’s instructions. Khusro was killed in 1622.
Constructed in 1622 by Shah Jahan, the tomb stands in the midst of lush garden. The tomb is built from sandstone and has ornate carvings.
Besides the tomb of Khusro, the walled garden has other tombs too. Shah Begum, Khusro’s mother and Jahangir’s first wife, is also buried inside the mausoleum. Shah Begum committed suicide after Khusro rebelled against his father.
The third tomb is of Nesa Begum, Khusro’s sister. As per Mughal tradition, Nesa Begum got the tomb constructed for her but was later buried in a different place. The fourth tomb which is in the middle of the garden is known as Mausoleum of Tombolan.
All the tombs are examples of exemplary Mughal architecture. The design of the main entrance to the garden, the tomb of Shah Begum and the surrounding gardens are attributed to Aqa Reza Jahangir’s most trusted artist.
The tomb of Jahangir’s first wife is built in three layers on a plinth without a main mound and experts from Fatehpur Sikri were consulted for its design. The tomb has inscriptions in Arabic by Jahangir’s favourite calligrapher, Mir Abdullah Mushkin Qalam.
Nesa Begum’s tomb is on an elevated platform and has ornate panels and scalloped arches. The monument has elaborate paintings of stars made in concentric circles. There are floral paintings on the walls of the central room.
The park has also been associated with the Indian freedom struggle. Khusro Bagh was the hub for soldiers under Maulvi Liyakat Ali who took charge as the governor of Allahabad during the revolt of 1857 against the British.