Jaipur, often called “The Pink City”, is the capital of Indian state of Rajasthan. It is said that during the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1905-06, there was a desperate need for the city to appear presentable and hence had to be repainted. But since they did not have enough paint of other colours, the painters painted the whole city pink.
Jaipur is renowned for its fascinating monuments and colorful markets, gorgeous handlooms and wonderfully laid out gardens. The people are cheerful and friendly. Jaipur serves as the main business centre of Rajasthan and has all the amenities of a metropolis.
Jaipur, along with Delhi and Agra form the Golden Triangle of Indian tourism.
The city boasts of a rich architectural and cultural heritage. Do visit the various forts and monuments in and around Jaipur. Don’t forget to try the famous Rajasthani delicacies including the thali. Rajasthani arts and handicrafts are things that you can’t afford to miss. The museums in Jaipur boast a wide collection of antiques like old traditional ceremonial dresses of the royal families, woodwork, pottery objects, metal objects, sculptures and various other arts and crafts.
In order to ensure that you get ample protection from the sun during the day, especially during the summers, it is advised that you carry your sunscreen lotion (SPF-20 or more) and dark sunglasses, and wear cotton clothes.
HISTORY OF JAIPUR
Jaipur was established by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh in 1727. It was designed by architect Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. The architecture of the city was considered way ahead of its time and planned in a scientific manner based on the Shilpashastra. It took around four years for the major spots in the city to be completed.
The Maharaja himself was a great astronomer and a town planner. Hence, his influence is largely seen in the way the city has been built complete with Jantar Mantar (observatory) and Janana Mahals (women’s palaces). The ruler was also very keen on the security aspects of the city. Hence, the city was encircled with huge fortifications which had openings at seven different places.
CULTURE OF JAIPUR
Pink City Jaipur is the land of fairs and festivals. Despite the transformation of Jaipur into a metropolis, it still continues to follow the traditions and customs of the old days. The cultural prosperity of Jaipur is visible in its local festivals and fairs like Teej, Gangaur, Makar Sankranti etc. Dance and Music of Jaipur add sparkle to the desert lands of Rajasthan. “Ghoomar” is the main folk dance of Jaipur in which the ladies display their huge ghagras or skirts while dancing. In music, the people of Jaipur share the royal interest of Rajputs.
WHERE TO STAY IN JAIPUR
Searching for a place to stay in Jaipur is not a difficult task as you can pick and choose from several lodging options depending on your budget. The hotel choices range from heritage properties and 5-star heritage hotels to mid-rung and budget hotels.
The average minimum and maximum temperature of Jaipur is as given below. The best time to visit Jaipur is also specified.