Located just 100 km from Mumbai, Matheran is a popular hill station and figures high on popular weekend getaways from the metropolis.
Perched on Western Ghat mountain range in Maharashtra, the hill station boasts of dense green cover, unpolluted environs, pleasant climate and scenic locales. Matheran literally means ‘forest on the head’, a reference to the thick woods at the top of the hill.
Matheran retains the vintage charm of hill stations developed by the British. Absence of tarred roads, ponies transporting luggage and humans on horseback, all hark back to mid-eighteenth century when the town was discovered.
Matheran is a popular with adventure lovers as well. Rock climbing and paragliding are among the adventure sports which can be indulged in Matheran. The hill station is also the centre for trekking.
The toy train which connects Neral with Matheran is a popular tourist attraction. A trip to Matheran is not complete until one has taken a ride on the train. In addition to the spectacular sight the train ride offers, the sight of the toy train chugging along the mountain-side is a not-to-be-missed experience.
Situated close to three major cities of Maharashtra – Mumbai, Pune and Nasik, Matheran is one of the most oft-visited hill-stations in the country.
Matheran was discovered in 1850 by Thane collector Hugh Poyntz Malet. It was developed as a hill station by the British to beat the summer heat of Mumbai.
However, historical evidence suggests that Matheran has been a tactically important location since 1458. Various rulers have ruled Matheran and surrounding areas. Maratha King Shivaji took over the control of Matheran in 1658. However, not much is known about the period till 1850.
After its discovery, several British families and wealthy Parsis set up residences in the hill station. To facilitate transport from Mumbai to the hill station, narrow-guage rail lines were laid between Neral and Matheran in 1907.
- Monkeys abound in Matheran. Though not a menace, monkeys can snatch belongings in the hope for food.
- Matheran is the smallest hill station. It is just eight sq km.
- No cars are allowed in Matheran beyond Dasturi Point.
- Matheran has been declared an eco-sensitive region by Union Environment Ministry.
WHERE TO STAY
Matheran is a small hill station. Matheran has several lodges and guest houses that provide budget accommodation. A few mid-range hotels are also available. However, there are no luxury hotels in Matheran. Most of the lodges, guest houses and hotels in Matheran are situated near the railway station. MTDC also runs budget hotels in Matheran.
The average minimum and maximum temperature of Matheran is as given below. The best time to visit Matheran is also specified.